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Your surgeon will recommend one or more types of hysterectomy (you may or may not have a choice, depending on your condition). An abdominal hysterectomy requires a larger incision. A vaginal or laparoscopic hysterectomy uses small incisions.
Abdominal hysterectomy. Two types of surgical incisions are used for an abdominal hysterectomy.
Vaginal hysterectomy. During a vaginal hysterectomy, the incisions to remove the uterus are made on the inside of the vagina.
Laparoscopic hysterectomy. To allow insertion of a small viewing instrument (laparoscope) and surgical instruments, small incisions are made in the abdomen.
The vaginal and laparoscopic techniques are sometimes combined.
Laparoscopic surgery that is done using only one incision is called a laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) or single-port surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is also done using robotic equipment. This is called robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy.
Current as of: March 12, 2014
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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